Bible Study and Commentary || ROMANS 1
Hello friends. I had 2 days off work because of the Muslim holidays and I enjoyed every bit of it. I made my hair for the 2nd time this year, I am officially a red-haired girl lol or wine-haired. Also had a 10-hour Bible Study led by my pastor yesterday and it was all shades of amazing!!! I’m truly and sincerely blessed. Anyway, have you read my last post? You should check it out if you haven’t. I wrote on “How to Study the Bible” and said we would be practicing with the Book of Romans. We would start with an introduction and chapter 1 today and go through this whole book this month. I’m excited!
The book of Romans is the longest and the clearest exposition by the Apostle Paul on the Gospel. This book contains the doctrinal foundation for the Christian faith, and it is for this reason that it was arranged first in order among the New Testament epistles. The truths presented here must be understood before proceeding to other doctrinal matters. In this letter, Paul dealt with a larger number of doctrinal issues than in any other of his epistles. His treatment of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith was so masterfully done that its divine inspiration cannot be questioned. The depth with which Paul treated these great subjects shows that this knowledge was truly given to him by the direct revelation of God (Galatians 1:12). An understanding of the truths in Romans 3 transformed Martin Luther’s personal life and ignited the fires of the Reformation that shook the world. Indeed, an understanding of the truths expressed in this book are essential not only to the salvation of every individual but also to the maturing and success of every Christian.
Source: Andrew Wommack Ministries
1:1– The author is undoubtedly Paul. He describes himself as a bondservant of Christ. “Servant” in Greek is “doulos” and comes from the word “deo” which means to bind. So Paul is actually addressing himself just like a bondman or slave of Jesus Christ–a slave by free decision yet possessed and bought by Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 6:19-20). Being an affection slave by decision originates from Old Confirmation entries, for example, Exodus 21:2-6 and Deuteronomy 15:12-17. At the point when Israelites purchased Hebrew slaves, they needed to set them free in the seventh year. Be that as it may, in the event that the slaves adored their lords and would not like to go free, at that point gaps were drilled through the flaps of their ears, articulating them bond-slaves until the end of time. By the utilization of this word, Paul was announcing Jesus as his supreme Master, yet showing the possibility of his appearance of adoration and free decision to the one whom he served.
1:2– Salvation had been promised hundreds of years before Christ was born and it was spoken of by prophets in the old. All scripture talked about Jesus and even Jesus spoke of Himself using scriptures. The OT led to the NT, meaning that the law was supposed to push man to see his weakness and need of help, thereby finding salvation by faith alone in Christ Jesus, not by works (Ephesians 2:8-10).
1:3-6– Jesus was the seed of David, which had been prophesied (Revelation 5:5). He is the Son of God and this was proven when He resurrected from the dead. And this act has brought life to all who believe, bestowed grace upon us and made us righteous by faith. “All” includes all nations and not the Jews. Verse 6 says the Romans are included among the Gentiles who have been called; all Gentiles (non-Jews) and all nations have been called to God, it is a choice to answer or reject that call of salvation.
1:7– This indicates the audience of this letter; all (Christians) who were in Rome at that time, who have been called to be saints. The Greek word for saint is “hagios”, pronounced hag-ee-os, which means pure or morally blameless.
1:8-15– Paul thanks God for the Romans’ faith which -even though they had never had an apostolic visit- was spoken of all over the world. He says he had continually prayed for them, and had longed to visit them in Rome too but had been hindered. He wanted to impart spiritual gifts on them which would encourage their growth and also, mutual benefits of exhortation. In verse 13, Paul lets them know that he wanted to see spiritual fruits born in them just as he had seen with the Gentiles. This can be referred to as laying of hands. In 14-15, he says he has a sense of obligation to all people from all works of life and longs to preach the Gospel to them in Rome.
1:16– Paul proclaims in unashamedness in the Gospel of Christ; the power of God unto salvation to all who believe (faith, not works. John 3:16), to the Jews first and also the Greek. Salvation was only made known to the Jews initially but they never truly understood it, Paul declares that salvation is for the Greek (hellen, pronounced hel-lane) also, known as the Gentiles. Salvation is for the whole world.
1:17– The Gospel, which is THE GOOD NEWS, reveals the righteousness of God; this tells us how God makes us right in His sight. “revealed from faith to faith” means our righteousness begins and ends in our faith in God. When it says, “at it is written, the just shall live by faith (Habakkuk 2:4)”, it means it is through faith that a righteous person has eternal life (NLT).
1:18-32– The wrath of God is on the sinful, wicked people who have denied the truth in unrighteousness. They prevent the truth from being known, even when they have their convictions.
1:20- God’s power and divine nature can be seen in all He has created and so, there is no excuse for not knowing Him or having an idea of a Supreme Creator.
1:24- God left these set of people to continue in their sinful ways, “gave” (paradidomi, pronounced par-ad-id-o-mee) means to surrender or give up. This goes on to say that since these people know of God but have chosen to harden their hearts against Him, He has surrendered them to their reprobate hearts.
1:25– These people again have traded the truth of God for a lie and worshipped the things God has created instead of God Himself.
1:26-31– God left them to do what they wanted due to foolish thinking and denial of God and this has led them to commit a lot of sins listed from verse 29 to 31. Note that reprobate means to condemn strongly as unworthy, unacceptable or evil, or to refuse to accept. What this means is that these people know their wrong deeds but willingly refuse to accept it as wrong or be convicted because they have hardened their hearts against God. God has given us free will and would not force His will on us. That is why we can choose to either accept or reject His call.
1:32– They know that God’s justice and wrath requires the death of sinners but they still do them and encourage others to do same.
That’s it for Romans Chapter 1. Study on chapters 2 and 3 would be up on Saturday. Stay tuned as we bask in God’s glory! Remember to share this with as many as possible, especially people you know who struggle to study the Bible. You can also share your thoughts in the comment section below and subscribe to get latest info from this website firsthand. I love you and God is crazy in love with you!