10:1– Paul kept praying for the salvation of the Jews, not because they did not know God but they put their trust in themselves and in the law, just as we saw in Romans 9.
10:2– The Jews had a zeal of God, which was well-known but it wasn’t according to knowledge. Zeal, in itself, is not bad but it isn’t worth anything if it isn’t for the right cause.
10:3– Submitting to their own righteousness was out of ignorance and the knowledge Paul spoke about in verse 2 was the righteousness of God.
10:4– Christ came to bring an end to these laws the Jews still held dear, for the purpose of righteousness. NLT says “For Christ has already accomplished the purpose for which the law was given…” Christ came to fulfill the law and therefore, those who believe are no longer under the law. Christ came so that none would be made righteous by the law but by faith in Him alone, the law is still good and will always be good.
10:5-9– Paul describes that there are 2 types of righteousness; righteousness by the law and righteousness by faith. Moses says to be righteous by the law, one has to obey all of its commands. There were over 600 laws at that time and it is humanly impossible to obey all, hence the Jews had to make sacrifices all the time to cleanse themselves. The righteousness by faith is close at hand; on our lips and in our heart. This is the gospel! Verse 9 says “If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.” This is salvation by faith; the righteousness by faith.
10:10– The heart believes and the mouth confesses and salvation comes. It is a matter of inwardness as well as what we profess. You can’t be hot and cold. You can’t believe one thing in your heart and say something else with your mouth, that in itself is hypocrisy.
10:11-13– Paul emphasizes again on the salvation of both the Jews and Gentiles. “Whosoever believes”, not “whosoever of the Jews”, for the Lord is rich in mercy to all who call upon Him.
10:14-15– People can only call on God when they believe in Him and they can only believe when they hear of Him. How would they hear? Someone has to preach and only those who know about Him can preach about Him, the ones who have been sent. And Jesus commanded in Mark 16:15:
Ans he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.Mark 16:15 KJV
“How beautiful are those who preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!” That is THE GOSPEL, it is one of peace and glad tidings! It isn’t to instill the fear of hell in people or tell them how they’ll be perished for their sins. The Gospel tell us that God has died for our sins and there is hope for all!"How beautiful are those who preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!" That is THE GOSPEL, it is one of peace and glad tidings! It isn't to instill the fear of hell in people or tell them how they'll be perished… Click To Tweet
10:16-17– Not everyone will believe the Gospel, even as good as it is. But faith comes by hearing the Good News.
10:18-21– The people of Israel have heard the message because even the Gentiles were getting saved. Paul quoted a prophecy from Moses and two additional passages from Isaiah to verify that this truth was revealed in the Old Testament. The truth was there, but the Jewish hearts had become so hardened through legalism that they couldn’t perceive this truth (see note 3 at Mark 8:17).