9:1-2– Paul had sorrow in his heart for the unbelieving Jews and he was letting them know.
9:3-5– Paul says he would be willing to be cut off from Christ if that would save the Jews, but we know that in itself is not possible because it is only through grace they can be saved and not by any man’s works, also you cannot be cut off from Christ if you are truly in Christ.
9:6-7– God has not failed to fulfill His promise to His people, because He did fulfill it. But the promise wasn’t just to Abraham’s descendants and is attainable only by faith. For the promise was to be fulfilled through Isaac’s seed and he wasn’t the first or only child of Abraham.
9:8-9– Abraham’s descendants are actually the children of the promise and they become his children by faith.
9:10-13- God had said to Rebekah even before she had her twins, that the older would serve the younger one (Genesis 25:23). This was even before they could do anything good or bad, this also goes on to prove that the promise wasn’t by works or deeds. Originally, the firstborn had the birthright but the younger one got it in this case, and just like Isaac, the promise was to be fulfilled through Jacob who wasn’t the first child of his father.
9:14-15– Paul didn’t want to misinterpreted with his statements so he tells us that God is free to show his mercy to whoever he pleases.
9:16– God shows His mercy to us solely by His choices, there is nothing we can ever do to earn His mercy.
9:17-18– Some people have taken this word from God about Pharaoh and made a paragraph out of it. They have drawn conclusions that God predetermines everything in people’s lives to the degree that free will doesn’t exist. That is not what the Lord was speaking of here. We can be assured that Pharaoh had already had ample opportunity to respond to God prior to the time that God began to harden his heart. Since Pharaoh had already made his choice, even to the point that he proclaimed himself to be a deity and commanded the Egyptians to worship him, God was not unrighteous in bringing him into judgment for this. God did not make Pharaoh the way he was, but God used, for His glory, the way Pharaoh had chosen to be. God exalted Pharaoh and gave him leadership of the nation, knowing full well how he would respond to His demands to let His people go. Since Pharaoh had already hardened his heart toward God, God was not unjust in continuing to harden his heart further until His glory was manifest completely. This verse is depicting God as using Pharaoh’s hardened heart for His glory, but Pharaoh had already had his chance. God simply upheld his choice and received glory through His triumph over Pharaoh and all his host. CULLED FROM ANDREW WOMMACK MINISTRIES.
9:19– This is a question people might have and Paul knows he might be misinterpreted so he explains himself.
9:20– Paul says we have no right to argue with God as to why he hardened people’s heart, we shouldn’t have a know it all attitude like Job did. You might wonder if it isn’t against the free will God gave us but remember our study in Romans 1, it says that even though people knew God, they rejected Him and He gave them up to their reprobate minds. Pharaoh had a choice to make in his character buildup, and he chose to be stubborn. God did not destroy him then for it, instead He put him in authority that His glory might be manifested through Pharaoh’s hard heart.
9:21-22– Paul was drawing an illustration from an Old Testament passage of Scripture, Jeremiah 18:3-6. In that passage, God sent Jeremiah to the potter’s house to learn a lesson. The potter was making a vessel; it was marred, so he remade it. The Lord spoke to Jeremiah and said, “O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter?…Behold, as the clay is in the potter’s hand, so are ye in mine hand, O house of Israel” (Jeremiah 18:6). From this illustration, some people have drawn a wrong conclusion that the Lord creates some people evil and predestined to a life of damnation, not by their choice, but by God’s. However, a closer look at the passage in Jeremiah and its context will show that is not the case. First of all, the potter started to create a good vessel, but the clay was marred. Whose fault was that? It wasn’t the potter’s fault. The clay was faulty. The potter took this imperfect clay, and instead of discarding it, he refashioned it into another vessel that may not have been worth nearly as much as his original design but was still useful.
9:23-24– We see why God chooses to use the marred clay jars, that the riches of His glory shine even brighter to whom He shows mercy. And this is for the Jews and Gentiles alike, the children of His promise.
9:25-26– The Lord had said through Hosea’s prophecies that the Gentiles shall be His children also, they shall be called to be His people and children of the living God. (Hosea 2:23, 1:10)
9:27-29– And concerning the Israelites, He had said through Isaiah, that not all of the Israelites would be saved (another assurance that the promise wasn’t made to only Abraham’s physical descendants, and if not for a few, the whole of Israel would have been destroyed. (Isaiah 10:22-23, 1:9)
9:30– These two prophecies confirm that even though the Gentiles were not trying to please God, they were made right with God and only by their faith.
9:31-32– Unlike the Gentiles, the Jews tried to get right with God by keeping the law and never succeeded, because the law was never meant to bring about salvation. They failed to trust in God for their salvation but trusted in themselves and their good deeds, and this caused them to stumble over the great stone in their path.
9:33– In Isaiah 8:14; 28:16, God had warned them of the stumbling stone He was placing in Israel that would make them fall, this is most likely the law. He also says anyone who trusts in Him will NEVER be disgraced. It is only trust in God that brings salvation.